This report has been prepared within the framework of a partnership initiative on South-South and Triangular Cooperation for Agricultural Development and Enhanced Food Security (SSTC-ADFS), jointly supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) and the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC). The main focus of this initiative is on further advancing South-South cooperation (SSC) among the participating countries (Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia in the Arab States region; and Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey and Uzbekistan in the Europe and the CIS region), as well as in other countries in the Middle East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia and beyond, through, identification, pilot-testing, and documentation of successful models and approaches ready for replication. The initiative aims to support the participating countries in achieving their national priorities in agricultural development and enhanced food security.
This report aims at showing that the countries of the SSTC-ADFS partnership initiative can benefit from SSC on aquaculture. Some countries such as Turkey and Hungary have the potential to act as providers of technology and financial assistance. Others are clear regional leaders in the field of aquaculture such as Uzbekistan in Central Asia or Tunisia among the Maghreb countries, whose applied solutions, in view of their significant progress made in aquaculture development, may be of significant interest for others – mostly those of the same region, but also for other regions. And finally, some countries are mainly interested in adopting the advanced experience of other countries, but which also have innovative homegrown solutions that could be successfully applied by other countries.
Several obstacles to aquaculture development have been identified. Most countries of the SSTC-ADFS partnership initiative have taken some steps to address these obstacles, as well as have developed fisheries and aquaculture development plans, programmes or strategies. In view of the common character of most problems, an in-depth analysis of the solutions developed and the steps taken by the individual countries, as well as their aquaculture development strategies, the legislative and administrative answers given to the existing problems and their achieved results could be of significant interest to other countries of the SSTC-ADFS partnership.
The report demonstrates that IFAD and IsDB development programmes, which have been proven to be an important tool of aquaculture development in other countries, are currently a largely overlooked opportunity in the aquaculture development of the countries of the SSTC-ADFS partnership. SSTC-ADFS countries could also significantly improve the impact and efficiency of their sectoral development by studying the lessons learned of IsDB- and IFAD-supported aquaculture development projects in other countries of the Global South.
The document also includes brief summaries of five innovative homegrown solutions that could be of interest to other countries of the SSTC-ADFS partnership. There is a wide range of applicability of the presented solutions: some can be easily adapted by farmers or aquaculture investors at fish farms, while others require nation-wide action by national governments. It should be noted that the same scale of action can be observed in the solutions included in the UNOSSC online database, with a clear dominance of policy-level solutions. While these definitely provide important reference material for decision-makers, a healthy balance would require increasing of the share of technological, farm-level solutions that could also be of interest to individual farmers, farmers’ associations and aquaculture investors.